Who Have Looked At
Death In The Eye
In A Foxhole
“When you're left wounded on
Afganistan's plains and
the women come out to cut up what remains,
Just roll to your rifle
and blow out your brains,
And go to your God like a soldier”
“We are not retreating. We are advancing in another direction.”
“It is fatal to enter any war without the will to win it.”
“Old soldiers never die; they just fade away.
“The soldier, above all other people, prays for peace,
for he must suffer and be the deepest wounds and scars of war.”
“May God have mercy upon my enemies, because I won't .”
“The object of war is not to die for your country but to make the other bastard die for his.
“Nobody ever defended anything successfully, there is only attack and attack and attack some more.
“Fixed fortifications are a monument to the stupidity of man."
“It is foolish and wrong to mourn the men who died.
Rather we should thank God that such men lived.
The Soldier stood and faced God
Which must always come to pass
He hoped his shoes were shining
Just as bright as his brass
"Step forward you Soldier,
How shall I deal with you?
Have you always turned the other cheek?
To My Church have you been true?"
"No, Lord, I guess I ain't
Because those of us who carry guns
Can't always be a saint."
I've had to work on Sundays
And at times my talk was tough,
And sometimes I've been violent,
Because the world is awfully rough.
But, I never took a penny
That wasn't mine to keep.
Though I worked a lot of overtime
When the bills got just too steep,
The Soldier squared his shoulders and said
And I never passed a cry for help
Though at times I shook with fear,
And sometimes, God forgive me,
I've wept unmanly tears.
I know I don't deserve a place
Among the people here.
They never wanted me around
Except to calm their fears.
If you've a place for me here,
Lord, It needn't be so grand,
I never expected or had too much,
But if you don't, I'll understand."
There was silence all around the throne
Where the saints had often trod
As the Soldier waited quietly,
For the judgment of his God.
"Step forward now, you Soldier,
You've borne your burden well.
Walk peacefully on Heaven's streets,
You've done your time in Hell."
| Lifting the shroud of secrecy to ease May 13 victims' trauma
| Wednesday, May 13, 2020
|Some of those pictured in this family photo, taken two decades
before May 13, 1969, suffered a violent end during the riot. The
family lived in Kampung Baru.
|An eye witness collected these spectacles belonging to her mother
from their razed family home during the May 13 riot. She also found
the body of her brother there.
|This is the only surviving photograph of a 14-year-old victim of the
riot, killed in his home in Kampung Baru. He is seated on the left.
His sister borrowed this photo from a friend.
|Abdul Rahman Mohd Noor was a 21-year-old university student living in
Kampung Baru during the May 13 riot. He says witnessing the riot made
him more radical in his views.
|Por Heong Hong (right) has interviewed dozens of eye witnesses and
victims of the May 13 riot.
Malaysiakini : In Malaysiakini’s conversations with victims and eyewitnesses of the May 13, 1969 riots, many struggled to gather their thoughts when recounting their experiences.
|A teenage victim of the riot died before he had a chance to collect
these trophies. His sister recalls tearfully collecting them from his
school. His family remembers him as an all-rounder -- excelling in
academics, arts and sports.|
They often broke down during interviews and some admitted having never spoken about what happened, until now.
One 70-year-old man said he had never told his family how he had offered himself to be killed in order to save a young Chinese family from a Malay mob, during the riots.
He was in tears as he recalled how he tore off his clothes during the episode of hysteria.
Fifty years on, he has not been able to understand why he reacted that way that day and continues to have flashbacks of the incident when he is near where it happened.
In another interview, a woman - also in her seventies - paused several times to regain her composure as she recalled the day she learned that her grandmother, mother, and siblings aged 18, 14 and 10 had died during the riots.
Some of those pictured in this family photo, taken two decades before May 13, 1969, suffered a violent end during the riot.
The family lived in Kampung Baru.
She survived because she was not in Kuala Lumpur on that day and upon returning, she found her brother's dismembered remains in what was left of her family home after it was razed to the ground.
“All these years, I have not dared to think about it, or talk about it, or even ask about it.
“Because the thought of them just hurts too much,” she said.
Do you have a May 13 story? Join the conversation - share your stories or read more from others who were there.
Like the man, she has been unsuccessful at burying this memory, but also confessed to being afraid of forgetting her loved ones in case no one was around to remember them anymore.
She carefully preserves keepsakes recovered from the family home -- school exercise books belonging to her brothers and their childhood drawings, her grandmother’s clothes and her mother’s broken glasses -- as evidence of their lives.
An eye witness collected these spectacles belonging to her mother from their razed family home during the May 13 riot. She also found the body of her brother there.
She has never discussed May 13 with her surviving siblings, and whenever the topic was brought up in conversations, she would have trouble sleeping and even feel suicidal as a result.
Half a century has passed and there is no longer a tangible threat to their safety, but perhaps a sign of their prolonged trauma, both wanted to remain anonymous.
Secrecy is the site of dysfunction
Not talking about past trauma can cause victims to relive their distressing experiences as they have not been able to make sense of what happened, said clinical psychologist K Vizla when asked about these accounts.
“Trying to forget a memory like that is futile. Unfortunately, this is what many people try to do, and it actually causes more psychological harm. Forgetting is not a good coping mechanism,” she said.
As such, Vizla believed it is important for the government to encourage discussions around May 13 to break the silence that has engulfed it.
“There is so much secrecy around the May 13 incident. Secrecy is the site of dysfunction.
“The longer there is silence around the issue, the harder it will be for survivors to heal from their trauma,” she said.
This is the only surviving photograph of a 14-year-old victim of the riot, killed in his home in Kampung Baru. He is seated on the left. His sister borrowed this photo from a friend.
Such conversations would benefit not just the survivors but also their family members, who often live with second-hand trauma that they inherited.
“The trauma now extends to a few generations. All of us need to collectively heal,” Vizla said.
Trauma and radicalisation
Trauma could also manifest in different ways.
Abdul Rahman Mohd Noor was a 21-year-old student living in Kampung Baru, a riot hotspot and witnessed mobs attack unsuspecting bystanders.
Growing up in a multi-ethnic setting, he had many childhood friends from other races and had harboured no suspicion against non-Malays.
“But May 13 made me and (Malay) friends my age very angry. It ignited a strong feeling of ‘Malay-ness’ within us.
“After two to three years, I became someone hot-tempered. And if there was any mention of Malay rights or interests, I would say, ‘No compromise!’,” he said.
Abdul Rahman Mohd Noor was a 21-year-old university student living in Kampung Baru during the May 13 riot. He says witnessing the riot made him more radical in his views.
Without an avenue to unpack the distrust he had developed; it would be many years more until Abdul Rahman managed to overcome those feelings.
“After a while, I came to realise that you can’t clap with one hand,” he said.
SH: Weaponised discourse
The academic Por Heong Hong, who has written extensively about May 13, called for more safe spaces that would allow people to talk about what they went through.
In her interviews with victims and their families, she found that many continued to be haunted by their memories and feared the possibility of recurring violence because they had not been able to discuss their experiences.
The independent researcher opined this culture of silence was partly driven by how the discourse on May 13 has thus far been hijacked, and weaponised, by politicians.
“May 13 itself as an incident has been made into a symbol to threaten people by certain politicians. Like if you vote for a certain party or certain members of the society, you are going to create a lot of trouble.
“It has been made into a symbol of violence, and no one is allowed to tell a narrative that is different from the official one,” Por said.
The lack of safe spaces and the subsequent vacuum of personal accounts has ultimately deprived the public, especially younger Malaysians, of a deeper understanding of May 13 and why it should never happen again.
This was made worse by the lack of detailed information on the 1969 riots in the National Archives or national libraries.
Photos, books, and newspaper clippings on the incident only started entering the National Archive’s collections in the early 2000s.
The incident remains absent from the national school history syllabus, despite its lasting impact on Malaysian history and current policy-making.
Losing the human stories
The stigmatisation of the event has also placed a veil over the human stories of May 13 - many eyewitnesses, survivors, and loved ones of those who perished still dare not share their stories.
“It is these human stories that are missing from all the narratives about May 13. The human experiences and the human faces of the incident.
“Who were those people? What happened to them after the incident?”
A teenage victim of the riot died before he had a chance to collect these trophies. His sister recalls tearfully collecting them from his school. His family remembers him as an all-rounder -- excelling in academics, arts and sports.
With many witnesses now advancing in age, the window of opportunity to record this oral history is narrowing.
For some, like Abdul Rahman, the passage of time has prompted a sense of urgency to share their experience, especially with young Malaysians.
Read more: May 13, never again
The 70-year-old eyewitness who spoke under condition of anonymity said he felt compelled to tell his story now, because he heard younger Malaysians threatening “another May 13”.
“People like us don't want to talk about it. We'd rather keep quiet and hope it will never happen again.
“The only reason I am talking about it now is that I think it’s time. Many of us who witnessed it have died.
“I want this story to be a lesson. My fervent wish is that it will never happen again,” he said.
Annabelle Lee, M Fakhrull Halim, Tham Seen Hau, and Aidila Razak contributed to this article.
posted by Major D Swami (Retired) @ 9:08 AM